How to Treat Minor Injuries Without a First Aid Kit
Everyone should have
a first aid kit
It's worth pointing out that nothing stated here is an acceptable substitute or a replacement for having proper
Stop Bleeding Without Bandages
If you're dealing with smaller cuts and scrapes where blood is flowing, the first order of business is to clean the wound. Wash it off with any clean water source you have available. Next, you'll want something to soft and absorbent to place on the wound. Paper towels and napkins can do, as well as strips of clothing
if they're clean
. It's important to make sure you don't infect the wound you just cleaned. For tiny cuts, you can also use super glue to
quickly seal the fleshy fissure
Also, if you're in a pinch, you can
use tampons in place of cotton balls
Once you've found a good absorption pad, you can use
any form of tape
to adhere the pad to the wound. If you don't have any tape, tie a piece of cloth tightly around the wound. Be
For larger wounds, you'll want to skip cleaning the wound, as it's more important to stem the loss of blood, rather than preventing infection (though both are important). With heavy blood loss, keep the wound elevated above the
It's extremely important to know when to use a tourniquet . Using one should be a last resort option as it's designed to prevent death from loss of blood. Improper or inappropriate use of a tourniquet can result in damage to the cut off portion of a body and, depending on how long it's on, may even result in the need for an amputation. Keep this in mind before applying one.
Stabilize a Broken Bone
Broken bones can be extremely
Instead, keep the bone steady. Don't let it move if you can help it. Try to find something to stabilize the bone. If you're able to keep the person still and wait for help to come to you, try to keep the wound elevated above the heart to help prevent swelling. When you're far from civilization, you may need to create a splint using straight and sturdy sticks, fastened with rope or fabric to keep bigger breaks steady.
As much as possible, try to ice the break. This will help keep swelling down and prevent further internal damage. Place ice in a bag-never directly on the skin-and keep it on for twenty minutes, then off for twenty. Rinse and repeat. Rinsing optional.
For minor burns, the first thing you want to do is cool the affected area. Burns retain a lot of heat (for very obvious reasons) so the first thing to do is reduce the heat before more damage is done. Run the burned region under cool (but not freezing) water.
Once the burn has cooled down, you'll want to wrap it in something protective that won't stick. You want to give the burn enough air to breathe and keep any loose fibers or foreign objects from getting in it. Gauze is ideal, but you don't have any on you, right? In place of that, again paper towels or a clean cloth will work.
For second-degree or higher burns, try to get professional medical help as quickly as possible. Very small second-degree can be managed without help, but anything larger than a couple inches should be treated professionally as soon as it can. If you're dealing with a chemical burn, also be sure to clean off the burning chemicals. Use like methods to do the cleaning, too. If it's a dry powder, use a dry brush to clean it off. If it's a wet chemical, run it under water to rinse it off.
Relieve Pain Without Medication
Pain relief is going to be a very subjective case. Without medication or sedatives, treating pain for things like broken bones won't be very feasible. For minor pain like headaches or soreness, there are ways to minimize pain, or just generally keep your body healthy enough that it stays out of pain in the first place.
For starters, stay hydrated . It should go without saying, but we need plenty of water to live well. When you don't get enough fluids, muscles dry out, joints get creaky and your whole body gets tense. Water isn't a pain reliever in the same way aspirin is, and you can't just chug a gallon to make your sore back go away, but by getting into the habit, you can reduce long-lasting pain.
Another alternative is copious amounts of
. Several studies examining
Keep in mind, you're not popping pills to immediately reduce pain, you're treating underlying causes to make your body more healthy. If you're in pain, you might be able to get some small relief immediately, but more than anything you'll be helping your body be in a better condition to feel better overall.
Of course, if you're reading this now and no one around you is bleeding, in pain, or has broken bones, chances are you have time to prepare properly. There are