Please Try again!

Delhi is Chocking: Here Is How To Take Care of yourself

Delhi has been chocking, as the level of pollutants in the capital city's atmosphere has exceeded hazardous levels. The situation is so dire that the Delhi High Court compared it to "living in a gas chamber". PM 2.5 levels are currently topping at 500, the worst city has seen in last 17 years, with a high risk of lung diseases and heart conditions to the inhabitants. If you are a resident of the National Capital, here is everything you can do about the smog to keep you and your loved one safe. (Image credits: Indiatimes, EconomicTimes and Times Of India)

What is happening in Delhi?

What is happening in Delhi?
What is happening in Delhi?

Anyone who doesn't have a deep understanding of meteorology or environmental science will wonder what is actually happening in the city. According to the Central Pollution Control Board, four reasons for the sudden origin of the current crisis are temperature, wind speed, relative humidity and atmospheric boundary layer. The primary sources of smoke are being reported are the stubble burning, lit garbage, road dust, power plants, factories, and vehicles.

How bad is the situation?

How bad is the situation?
How bad is the situation?

The World Health Organization says 25 is the safest PM2.5 level anyone can be exposed to over a 24-hour period. PM2.5 level over 300 is considered hazardous, and in Delhi, current estimates show the number is around 500. The Guardian describes the condition equivalent to smoking 45 cigarettes a day.

According to Senior Consultant Chest Medicine Dr. Neeraj Jain at Sir Gangaram Hospital, "Air pollution consists of visible physical matter, invisible physical matter, and chemicals in the form of gases. These affect the respiratory passage beginning from the nose, throat, sinuses - all the way to the lungs," reports ANI. "The air we breathe is mainly from the layer around 10 feet above the ground and inhaling directly in this air with a mask can result in life-threatening diseases like cancers, heart disease, kidney disease and others in over a period of time," Jain added. So, here is what you can do to stay safe:

1. Stay indoors

1. Stay indoors
1. Stay indoors

The best thing you can do to safeguard yourself is to stay indoors as much as possible and keep windows and doors shut to prevent air pollution from entering your living space. Economic Times reports that the four key pollutants, Particulate matter (PM), ozone, nitrogen dioxide and sulfur dioxide can cause health risks and premature deaths if the level of toxins increases.

2. Wear N90 masks

2. Wear N90 masks
2. Wear N90 masks

If staying indoors all the times is not an option for you, then the next best thing is to wear masks. Many doctors have now suggested that people should wear N90 masks whenever they go out, especially as exposure to air pollution can lead to cancer and heart disease. So get an N90 mask and wear it every time you go out, and remember normal surgical masks are useless against protection from air pollution.

3. Eat healthy

3. Eat healthy
3. Eat healthy

With a high risk of disease, it is important to focus on health to bring up immunity levels high. You must drink plenty of fluid and eat a diet that includes vegetable and fruits while avoiding bad habits such as smoking. Adding a high-quality protein like nuts, soy, and fish alongside low carbs will improve your immunity. And most importantly avoid street food, as they are prepared and served in the open air.

4. Avoid going out in early morning and late night

4. Avoid going out in early morning and late night
4. Avoid going out in early morning and late night

Dr. Neeraj Jain, as ANI reports, states that "during winters, due to lower temperatures and higher moisture content, the pollutants in the air do not rise to a higher altitude." He says that ill-effects of pollution are more severe especially during early mornings and late night in this season when the atmosphere is the coldest.

Subscribe for latest stories