Peter Honey and Alan Mumford model is based upon the work of David Kolb, and they identified four distinct learning styles:
According to Honey and Mumford, in order to maximize one's own personal learning, each learner ought to:
-understand their learning style
-seek out opportunities to learn using that style
So check out which is your learning style in the following slides:
Activists involve themselves fully and without bias in new experiences. They enjoy the ‘here and now’, and are happy to be occupied by immediate experiences. They are open-minded, not skeptical, and this tends to make them enthusiastic about anything new. Their philosophy is: "I'll try anything once". They tend to act first and consider the consequences afterwards. Their days are filled with activity. They tackle problems by brainstorming. As soon as the excitement from one activity has died down, they get busy looking for the next one. They tend to thrive on the challenge of new experiences but are bored with implementation and long term consolidation. They are gregarious folks, constantly involving themselves with others but, in doing so, they seek to centre all activities around themselves.
Activists learn well with the help of brainstorming, problem-solving, group discussion, puzzles, competitions, role-play, etc.
Theorists adapt and integrate observations into complex but logically sound theories. They think problems through in a vertical, step-by-step logical way. They assimilate disparate facts and turn them into coherent theories. They tend to be perfectionists who won't rest easy until things are tidy and fit into a rational scheme. They like to analyze and synthesize. They are keen on basic assumptions, principles, theories, models, and systems- thinking. Their philosophy prizes rationality and logic. "If it is logical it's good." Questions they frequently ask include, "Does it make sense?" "How does this fit with that?" "What are the basic assumptions?" They tend to be detached, analytical and dedicated to rational objectivity rather than anything subjective or ambiguous. Their approach to problems is consistently logical. This is their 'mental set' and they rigidly reject anything that doesn't fit with it. They prefer to maximize certainty and feel uncomfortable with subjective judgments, lateral thinking and anything flippant.
Theorists generally learn fast by creating models, statistics, stories, quotes, background information and applying theories in real life scenerios.
Pragmatists are keen on trying out ideas, theories, and techniques to see if they work in practice. They positively search out new ideas and take the first opportunity to experiment with applications. They are the sort of people who return from courses brimming with new ideas that they want to try out in practice. They like to get on with things and act quickly and confidently on ideas that attract them. They tend to be impatient with ruminating and open-ended discussions. They are essentially practical, down to earth people who like making practical decisions and solving problems. They respond to problems and opportunities 'as a challenge'. Their philosophy is "There is always a better way" and "If it works it's good".
Areas pragmatists excel well in learning by mostly how to apply learning in reality, such as case studies, problem-solving, and discussion.
Reflectors like to step back to ponder experiences and observe them from many different perspectives. They collect data, both first hand and from others, and prefer to think about it thoroughly before coming to a conclusion. The thorough collection and analysis of data about experiences and events are what counts so they tend to postpone reaching definitive conclusions for as long as possible. Their philosophy is to be cautious. They are thoughtful people who like to consider all possible angles and implications before making a move. They prefer to take a back seat in meetings and discussions. They enjoy observing other people in action. They listen to others and get the drift of the discussion before making their own points. They tend to adopt a low profile and have a slightly distant, tolerant, unruffled air about them. When they act, it is part of a wide picture which includes the past as well as the present and others' observations as well as their own.
The ideal learning activities for reflectors are paired discussions, preparing self-analysis questionnaires, personality questionnaires, observing activities, feedback from others, coaching, interviews, etc.